Kaudulla National Park
197 kilometres away from the largest city, Colombo. Some 22km north of Habarana, Kaudulla National Park provides a link in the migratory corridor for elephants, connecting with Minneriya and Wasgomuwa national parks to the south, and Somawathiya National Park to the north and east elephants move freely up and down the corridor, and local safari operators should know whether it’s best to head to Kaudulla or Minneriya at any one particular time.
As at Minneriya, the centrepiece is a lake, the Kaudulla Tank, where elephants collect when water dries up elsewhere. The best time to visit is between August and December, with elephant numbers peaking in September/October when up to two hundred congregate at the tank.
Outside the dry season much of the park is under water, and elephants can be more difficult to spot. Other wildlife inhabiting the park’s mix of grasslands and scrubby forest includes sambar deer, monkeys and (very rarely seen) leopards and sloth bears, plus a characteristically wide array of birdlife.
The national park vegetation consists of tropical dry mixed evergreen forests, abandoned chena cultivated lands, grasslands and wetlands. Tropical dry mixed evergreen forest predominated.
Twenty four species of mammals in Sri Lanka have been reported from this park.. The most important of them is the wild elephant the population of which is about 200. Twenty six species of fish are found in the reservoir, this fish are economically important. In this park 435 species of birds reported to be them endemic birds to Sri Lanka.